Wednesday, February 09, 2011

Weekly Ancient Rhetorics Update

  • Ryan Quandt
    Antithesis - Loves keen sting

    Metaphor - He is a beast

    Allegory - "The Pardoner" in Chaucer's "Cantebury Tales"

    Catachresis - I'm sweating like a pig
  • Leigh Yerkes
    Antithesis: An iron fist in a velvet glove. Also:Together we stand, divided we fall.

    Metaphor: Your memory's the sunshine every new day brings. I know the sky is calling, Angel, let me help you with your wings.--Nickle Creek, "When You Come Back Down.

    Catachresis: We'll burn that bridge when we get to it. And my other favorite: Two pods in a puddle of pea.

    Allegory: The tale of the Three Little pigs is allegorical. The first two pigs, each in their turn, represent the problematic nature of rushing through a project before considering the repercussions of hasty decisions. The story teaches the lesson of patience and planning.
  • Shem Hinkle
    Metaphor (disclaimer, this is actually a double metaphor, and technically makes no sense ): My keyboard can teach your mind's eye to play by ear.

    I couldn't think to create my own Catachresis, after delaying my homework until the very last minute, so here is one from Shakespeare:
    "Tis deepest winter in Lord Timon's purse" Timon of Athens

    Antithesis: Give every man thy ear, but few thy voice.
      • Shem Hinkle For an allegory, if any one is interested....
        Monday at 2:43pm ·
      • Shem Hinkle
        In Plato's Republic, Socrates describes a group of people who have lived chained to the wall of a cave all of their lives, facing a blank wall. The people watch shadows projected on the wall by things passing in front of a fire behind them,...See More
        Monday at 2:44pm ·
  • Steve Amidon
    From M.W.

    1) Antithesis – an opposition or contrast of ideas – a favorite from Dickens’ A Tale of Two Cities

    “It was the best of times, it was the worst of times.”

    2) Metaphor – a comparison without the use of like, as, than, or resembles – example from Walt Whitman’s poem “Song of Myself,”

    (33) – “Agonies are one of my changes of garments” Here he compares the agonies he feels with a change of clothing; Whitman feels empathy so often with others’ troubles.’

    Allegory – an extended metaphor in which objects, characters, or actions of a text stand for abstract or moral concepts

    Example – from John Bunyan’s The Pilgrim’s Progress – This tells of the adventures of a character named Christian and his journey to the Celestial City, comparing his journey to Heaven as our journey to Heaven and all the trials along the way.

    Catachresis – a term used for a “mixed metaphor,” but the two comparisons are improperly used

    Change the familiar “Mom will have a cow when she hears this” to “Mom will have a cat when she hears this.”
    • Shem Hinkle likes this.
      • Shem Hinkle I watched Pilgrim's Progress when I was a small boy.
        Monday at 2:40pm ·
  • Deakin Chipps
    Metaphor: “We need to create a road map to peace.”

    Catachresis: “If this thing starts to snowball, it will catch fire across the country!”

    Antithesis: “They promised freedom and provided slavery.”

    My example of an allegory is from some early English morality plays, such as Everyman, where there are characters called Beauty, Knowledge, Strength, and Everyman which symbolically represent an embodiment/representation of their name.
  • Martha Eagleson
    Not remembering that we had to present an antithesis was bothersome, but trying to write one was murderous.
  • Martha Eagleson
    When you have the flu, writing a paper is an uphill battle (metaphor), but sometimes you just have to put on your big girl pants and bite the bullet (catachresis)!
  • Carrie Brooks
    Metaphor: "A man may break a word with you, sir, and words are but wind."
    (Shakespeare, The Comedy of Errors)

    Catachresis: "Can't you hear that? Are you blind?"

    Antithesis:My only love sprung from my only hate"
    (Juliet when she finds Romeo is a member of the Montague family and therefore an enemy of her)
  • Andrew N Johnson
    Metaphor: This house is a minefield.

    Catachresis (tough one--I hope this is right): This teacher is great. She is kickin ass and taking names.

    Antithesis: The deployment of the atomic bomb marked the end of one war, and the beginning of another.
  • Mike Brewer
    One day I'm going to take the time to do a Marxist reading of L. Frank Baum's The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. I'm intrigued by the idea that this work is an allegory of late-19th, early 20th-century populist politics and monetary policy--full of symbolism. The idea is that each character is a metaphor for relevant people, groups, ideas: such as Midwestern farmers (Scarecrow), urban industrial workers (Tin-man), Emerald City (Wash. D.C.), Yellow Brick Road (the gold standard), Wicked Witch of the East (industrial giants and eastern financiers), etc. Of course I read it many years ago, but not through this lens. Fascinating!
    • You like this.
  • Mike Brewer
    What do you think about these for "catachresis"? Unless everyone jumps on the bandwagon, this entire project could derail itself! And, from rock legend Joe Walsh: "The Smoker You Drink, The Player You Get."
    • You like this.
  • Mike Brewer
    Metaphor: "The heart is a lonely hunter."
    • You like this.
  • Mike Brewer
    How about these for antithesis: "Walk softly and carry a big stick." "Big surprises come in little packages."
  • Tricia Day
    Would this be an antithese I know it contains metaphor but I'm a little uneducated with antithese!!! The snow floats soft as feathers but its as heavy as rocks while shoveling.
      • Steve Amidon Seems antithetic to me!
        February 3 at 8:20am ·
  • Tricia Day
    Is happy as pie a catachresis? HELP!!!
      • Steve Amidon Sounds like one to me!!!!
        February 3 at 8:19am ·
  • Martha Eagleson
    The last allegorical novella I've read is "Who Moved My Cheese?" (I'm ashamed to say that I read it sitting on the floor in a bookstore and did not purchase it.) It depicts four typical reactions to change in business by using the allegory of 2 mice and 2 little humans dealing with changes in their cheese. The first allegorical novella I read growing up was "Animal Farm."
  • Tricia Day
    An example of Allegory would be Dantes Inferno that depicts a journey through Hell, Heaven, and Purgatory to represent the journey of one's soul to God.
  • Melissa Hirsch
    Allegory -- Scrooge and the Ghosts of Christmas Past, Present, and Future represent what will come of his life from his greed.

    Catachresis -- Scrooge was bound by the chains of greed.

    I had to really research these. I cheated a little and stole the idea of movies. :) I made up the catachresis, though. Again, Dr. Amidon, let me know what you think. This week was a little trickier for me. :)
      • Steve Amidon It's a nice catachresis. These were harder, but I think we can start to see how some of these figures relate to one anoter\\
        February 1 at 10:26pm ·
  • Matthew Willits
    Antithesis is the juxtaposition of contrasting ideas in parallel structure. Here is an example from one of the few television shows I enjoy (LOST):

    "Live together or die alone."

    Metaphor is a form of analogy where one thing is related to another based on one or more shared attributes. The similarity is apparent rather than real. For example:

    "The sun hung like a bauble in the trees."

    Allegory is essentially an extended metaphor. C.S. Lewis's Chronicles of Narnia are a famous example of religious allegory, whereas Philip Pullman's His Dark Materials might be described as an example of anti-religious allegory.

    Catachresis involves mixing metaphors or using words in a way that does not match their typical use.

    "He had a loud stare that could shout your confidence to pieces."
      • Matthew Willits Before anyone interjects that my metaphor is technically a simile, I would like to issue a preemptive shush!
        February 1 at 6:54pm · · 2 people
  • Melissa Hirsch
    Antithesis: One man's trash is another man's treasure.

    I'm not sure about this. Dr. Amidon, what do you think?


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